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Verbruikers wat deur verkeerde etikette gemerk is

Verbruikers wat deur verkeerde etikette gemerk is


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Massachusetts gaan af op ondernemings wat goedkoper vis aan kliënte bedien

Is daar iets fout met jou vis? U het moontlik nie die spesie gekoop wat u gedink het nie.

Die Boston Globe het onthul dat die verkeerde etikettering van seekos 'n hewige probleem in die Massachusetts -gebied is. Hierdie kwessie is 'n jaar gelede deur dieselfde publikasie aangemeld, maar onlangse ondersoeke het bevind dat daar geen beduidende veranderinge aangebring is nie en dat verbruikers steeds bedrieg word.

Baie restaurante en kruidenierswinkels merk goedkoper alternatiewe as vis van meer hoë gehalte. Byvoorbeeld, in baie sushi -restaurante kry mense wat albacore -tuna bestel, 'n ligte wit vis, gewoonlik 'n sny van die olierige escobar.

'N Wetsontwerp wat onlangs tydens 'n verhoor in Massachusetts State House bespreek is, sal verseker dat kliënte die vis kry wat hulle versoek. Die Gesamentlike Komitee vir Openbare Gesondheid stel boetes van tot $ 800 voor vir ondernemings wat verkeerd aangedui word, asook boetes soos skorsing of intrekking van hul lisensies.

'N Ander wetsontwerp is op die tafel om die etikettering van soutwater seekos toe te pas vir kwik- en toksisiteitsrisiko's. Niewinsgewende groep Oceana het ontdek dat hierdie uitruil van seekos regoor die land plaasvind en agter Massachusetts-inisiatiewe staan ​​om verbruikers nie net ter wille van hul beursies op hoogte te hou nie, maar ook ter wille van hul gesondheid.


20 persent van die aankope van seekos vind uit wat u dink dit is

Salm, grouper en snapper is die mees algemeen gemerkte vis in die Verenigde State, sê 'n nuwe studie & mdashhere & rsquos hoe om te verhoed dat hulle bedrieg word.

Dink u dat u 'n goeie aanbod van wilde salm kry? Wat u kan kry, word bedrieg, suggereer 'n verslag wat Woensdag deur die nie -winsgewende waghondgroep Oceana bekend gemaak is. Die bedrog en die etikettering van seekos is algemeen in die bedryf, lui die verslag. Dit kom in elke stap van die proses van 'n vissersboot of boerdery na kruidenierswinkels en restaurante voor.

Om die voorkoms van seekosbedrog regoor die wêreld te ondersoek, het Oceana meer as 200 voorheen gepubliseerde studies van 55 lande hersien. Gesamentlik het hierdie studies meer as 25 000 monsters van seekos getoets.

Gemiddeld is ongeveer 20 persent van die monsters as iets anders bemark as wat dit werklik was. Daarbenewens blyk dit dat 58 persent van die vals monsters spesies is wat gesondheidsrisiko's kan veroorsaak as gevolg van parasiete, omgewingschemikalieë, hoër allergierisiko's of ander moontlike gevare.

Die resultate was ook konsekwent: Elke studie, behalwe een, het op 'n stadium in die voorsieningsketting bewyse gevind van seekosbedrog, of dit tydens die landing, verpakking, verwerking, invoer of uitvoer, verspreiding, groothandel of kleinhandel gebeur het.

In die Verenigde State was die bedrogsyfer selfs hoër as die globale skatting: ongeveer 28 persent, volgens 'n kombinasie van studies wat sedert 2014 gepubliseer is.

Soms word 'n vis met 'n laer waarde ingeruil, soos 'n tilapia of Asiatiese baber, 'sê Beth Lowell, direkteur van veldtogte oor seekosbedrog in Oceana. (Uit die verslag is bevind dat Asiatiese baber wêreldwyd vervang is deur 18 verskillende soorte vis wat duurder is.) Byvoorbeeld, in 2015 is 'n sushi -restaurant in Santa Monica gevang waar die bedreigde walvisvleis as vetterige tonyn verkoop word.

Dit is ook baie algemeen in die Verenigde State dat gekweekte salm as wild gevang word, sê Lowell. Saam met die volledige verslag het Oceana 'n interaktiewe kaart van bedrogbevindings regoor die land en regoor die wêreld op sy webwerf gepubliseer.

Lowell sê dat bedrog op seekos moeilik op verbruikersvlak opgespoor kan word, en daarom veg Oceana en ander organisasies vir beter regulasies en meer aanspreeklikheid in die bedryf. Maar totdat die beleid aangeneem is, sê sy, hier is 'n paar dinge wat u kan doen om u kans om bedrieglike vis te koop, te verminder:

Koop so na as moontlik aan die hele vis

Hoe meer seekos van hande verander of deur 'n komplekse voorsieningsketting ry, hoe meer geleenthede is daar vir seekosbedrog, sê Lowell. Boonop is dit makliker om dele van visse af te gee, soos 'n filet met die skubbe en kop verwyder as verskillende spesies. 'n Hele vis uit die mark koop en laat dit vir jou voorberei, is 'n goeie manier om te weet wat jy kry, en Lowell voeg by.

Stel vrae by die toonbank of aan die tafel

Of jy nou in 'n restaurant of in die supermark is, maak seker dat die mense wat seekos aan jou verkoop, jou kan vertel waar en hoe dit gevang is. As hulle u nie basiese inligting oor die produk kan gee nie, wil u dalk iets anders kry, sê Lowell.

Oorweeg die prys

As u sien dat wilde Stille salm vir $ 6,99 per pond verkoop word, is dit moontlik nie eintlik wilde Stille Oseaan -salm nie, sê Lowell. As die prys te goed lyk om waar te wees, is dit baie keer. ”

Kies handelsmerke wat hul seekos opspoor

Baie restaurante en selfs supermarkkettings soos Wegman's en Whole Foods benodig dat die seekos wat hulle verkoop, van begin tot einde op 'n verantwoordelike manier verkry en opgespoor word, en hulle behoort hierdie inligting aan verbruikers te kan verskaf. Kyk ook na hierdie inligting op die etikette as u voorafverpakte bevrore seekos koop. “ Sommige handelsmerke gebruik QR -kodes wat u kan skandeer om die pad te sien wat die vis na u bord geneem het, sê Lowell.

Ondersteun die stryd vir beter wetgewing

Sommige van hierdie bedrieglike sake het plaasgevind omdat die wette wat bestaan, nie goed toegepas word nie. Ander is heeltemal wettig.

Byvoorbeeld, 66 verskillende spesies kan in die Verenigde State as 'n groper verkoop word, wat dit byna onmoontlik maak vir mense om te weet wat hulle koop. Alhoewel wette in hierdie gevalle nie oortree is nie, ” lui die verslag, ȁVaag etiketteringsreëls kan verbruikers moontlik bedrieg, hul gesondheid benadeel of hulle onbewus maak van bykomstighede vir visserye of akwakultuurpraktyke wat onwettig is of die omgewing benadeel. & #x201D

In alle omstandighede is beter wetgewing nodig, sê Lowell. Vroeër hierdie jaar het 'n presidensiële taakspan 'n reël voorgestel wat naspeurbaarheid vereis vir 13 𠇊t-risiko ” seekos, vandat hulle gevang of geoes word totdat hulle die grens van die Verenigde State bereik. Alhoewel dit 'n goeie eerste stap is, sê Lowell, toon hierdie verslag dat dit nog steeds nie genoeg is nie.

“ Die stryd teen bedrog teen seekos moet alle seekos insluit en van boot tot bord strek, sê sy. Dit behoort vir verbruikers nie so moeilik te wees om te weet watter vis hulle eet nie en vertroue hê in wat op die etiket of op die spyskaart is. ”


Is jou vis nep? Hoe om seekosbedrog op te spoor en wat om te doen as u agterdogtig is

Dit kan onaantreklik wees om te dink dat, terwyl jy aan sappige garnalebolle of tradisionele fish and chips kyk, dat byna 40% van die vis wat wêreldwyd vir verkeerde etikette bestudeer is, nie is wat geadverteer word nie, volgens die Guardian se ontleding van 44 onlangse studies .

Maar hoewel visbedrog oral voorkom, van bedreigde spesies wat as snapper in die Verenigde Koninkryk oorgegaan het tot dodelike pufferfish wat met verwoestende gevolge in Bangladesh verkoop word, hoe kan u dan weet dat u betaal het waarvoor u eet?

Voedselstandaarde -owerhede kan nou DNA -toetse gebruik om vis te identifiseer, maar die gemiddelde kliënt is bloot toegerus met sy eie sintuie. 'Die manier waarop vis gewoonlik aangebied word', sê prof Alan Reilly van die University College Dublin se Institute of Food and Health, wat konsulteer oor vissery- en akwakultuurbeleid by die VN se voedsel- en landbou -organisasie (FAO), 'sonder vel, skubbe, vinne' kop of stert. ” 'N Filet is miskien 'n maklike manier om vis te koop, maar jy moet 'n deskundige wees om met sekerheid te kan sê watter vis dit eintlik is. Kan u seker wees dat kabeljou kabeljou is as dit opgebreek, gekap, broodkrummels of in sous opgeskort word? "Verbruikers is in die hande van die kleinhandelaar of die restaurateur," sê Reilly.

Kan u seker wees dat kabeljou kabeljou is as dit opgebreek, gekap, broodkrummels of in sous opgeskort word? Foto: Michael Mayhew/Allstar

Supermarkte en groot handelsmerke in Europa, het hy gesê, het verbeter sedert die perdevleisskandaal. 'Dit het die bedryf wakker gemaak van die feit dat hulle bedrieg word. Hulle het nie die egtheid van produkte nagegaan nie, maar almal kontroleer dit nou, en as u by 'n betroubare verskaffer koop, moet hulle 'n program vir die evaluering van kwesbaarheid hê. Dit is alles geïntegreer in kontrakte. ”

Seth McCurry, die kommersiële bestuurder van die Verenigde Koninkryk en Ierland vir die Marine Stewardship Council, sê dat die blou MSC-etiket vir wild gevang vis en seekos, en die groen ASC (Aquaculture Stewardship Council) etiket vir boerderyprodukte, verseker van egtheid en herkoms. Hierdie produkte sal die MSC -kettingstandhouding -standaard gevolg het, "sê hy," wat verseker dat die produk teruggevoer kan word na 'n gesertifiseerde vissery of boerdery ". Ongeveer 38 000 werwe regoor die wêreld het MSC -sertifisering, van supermarkte, visverkopers, hotelle en restaurante tot verwerkers, verspreiders en pakhuise.

Die MSC doen DNS -toetse van sy aangeslote produkte. "Verkeerde etiketteringsyfers is minder as 1%, wat redelik bemoedigend is," sê McCurry. Die mees onlangse studie van die MSC, wat in 2019 in die tydskrif Current Biology gepubliseer is, het 1,402 produkte en 27 visspesies geneem uit kleinhandelaars in 18 lande. Van die 360 ​​Britse produkte wat getoets is, was 354 korrek gemerk.

Daar kan verskeie redes wees waarom hierdie tariewe soveel beter is as dié in die studies wat die Guardian ontleed het. Eerstens was die studies geneig om na vis te kyk waar daar ten minste 'n vermoede van verkeerde etikette bestaan. Tweedens, aangesien die meeste visbedrog op see plaasvind - byvoorbeeld wanneer vis van vissersbote na groot omladingsvaartuie oorgeplaas word om verwerking te vergemaklik, is die MSC se werk om die voorsieningsketting op te spoor, van kardinale belang.

'Ons praat dikwels oor oorbevissing', sê McCurry, 'maar naspeurbaarheid is net so belangrik om te verseker dat mense weet wat hulle eet, nie gevaarlik is nie. Die MSC is hier om mense te verseker dat as hulle 'n produk met 'n blou etiket koop, dit teruggevoer kan word, en dat hulle selfversekerd daaroor moet voel.

Reilly wys egter daarop dat die MSC 'n "privaatsektor -skema is waar u moet betaal om lid te wees". Hy sê dat sommige van die visbedrogstudies wat in sy FAO -verslag oor voedselbedrog van 2018 aangehaal is, verkeerd gemerkte vis met 'n MSC -logo ontdek het. 'Dit gebeur waarskynlik op 'n laer skaal as onder die ondernemings wat nie lid is van die MSC nie, en daar is baie dinge wat baie positief is om mense te weerhou om verbruikers te mislei. Maar dit beteken nie dat alles reg is nie. ”

Kan u u kabeljou van u skelvis vertel? Die studie van die MSC het bevind dat kabeljou een van die algemeenste plaasvervangers is

Reilly beveel aan om heel vis te koop, wat baie makliker is om te identifiseer "as 'n filet in 'n plastiekverpakking. As u nie self wil filtreer nie, koop dan die vis en vra u visverkoper om dit vir u te filet. ”

Verkeerde etikette kom meer gereeld in restaurante voor, want dit is makliker om op die bord te verdoesel en daar is minder rompslomp as in winkels, dus wees bereid om eetplekke te ondersoek oor die oorsprong van hul vis. Hulle moet gemaklik wees om die reis van die vis na u bord te verduidelik. Die MSC se studie het bevind dat die algemeenste plaasvervangers hoki was vir stokvis en skelvis vir kabeljou. In 2017 het navorsing deur die Food Standards Agency (FSA) ook uitgevind dat baber en whiting as kabeljou verkoop word, en het bevind dat ongeveer 7% van die vis wat hulle in die VK geneem het, as 'n ander spesie voorgee.

Visverkopers wat algemene name soos snapper en skate gebruik, wat tot 60 verskillende spesies bevat, of wat bedreigde spesies adverteer, moet ook met agterdog gekyk word. Die Good Fish Guide -app, vervaardig deur die Marine Conservation Society (MCS, anders as die MSC) kan u help met inligting. In die Verenigde Koninkryk moet almal wat bekommerd is oor moontlike visbedrog dit by hul plaaslike owerheid of die nasionale voedselmisdaad -eenheid aanmeld, beide via die FSA se webwerf.

Dit het een keer alles te doen met die prys van vis. Bewapen u met die markprys, en u is beter in staat om skelm transaksies te sien. "Oor die algemeen moet verbruikers versigtig wees vir spyskaartitems wat hoëgehalte-bestanddele bevat wat teen 'n mededingende prys is," sê Giles Chapman van die National Food Crime Unit.


Heilbot of tilapia? Kanadese word bedrieg deur verkeerde etikette, bevind die ondersoek

2:05 Nuwe verslag waarsku oor meer bedrog teen seekos in Kanada
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Volgens 'n nuwe ondersoek word Kanadese verbruikers dikwels bedrieg as dit kom by watter vis hulle op hul bord het.

As verbruikers bottervis of wit tuna by 'n kruidenierswinkel koop, kan hulle in plaas daarvan 'n vis ontvang met die naam "die lakseermiddel van die see" omdat escolar diarree, braking en ander maagprobleme kan veroorsaak, volgens die ondersoek na seekosbedrog wat byna die helfte gevind het van die seekosmonsters wat dit by die Kanadese kruidenierswinkels en restaurante getoets het, is verkeerd geëtiketteer.

Die resultate toon wydverspreide verkeerde etikette, en Julia Levin, kampvegter vir seekosbedrog vir die voorspraakgroep Oceana Canada, wat die studie gedoen het.

Dit het 382 monsters van snapper, seebaars, tong en ander visse versamel wat volgens ander studies dikwels vervang word. Hulle het monsters gekies van 177 kleinhandelaars en restaurante in vyf Kanadese stede.

LUISTER: Oceana Canada, Julia Levin, oor die verkeerde etikettering van seekos in Kanada

Wetenskaplikes by laboratoriums by Tru-ID, 'n laboratorium in Guelph, Ont., het DNA-strepieskodering gebruik om die vissoorte te bepaal. Dit is vergelyk met die vislys van die Canadian Food Inspection Agency ’s, wat aanvaarbare markname vir verskillende vissoorte bevat.

Hulle het bevind 44 persent van die vis is nie wat die etiket beweer nie, en die verslag beweer dat sulke praktyke die gesondheid van die verbruiker en beursies kan benadeel en die omgewing kan benadeel.

Volgens die studie is snapper, geelstert en bottervis 100 persent van die tyd verkeerd gemerk. Die helfte van die seebaarsmonsters is verkeerdelik geïdentifiseer, terwyl meer as 30 persent van die kabeljou-, heilbot-, tuna- en tongmonsters verkeerd gemerk is. Die vis was meestal escolar, tilapia of Japannese amberjack.

Die monsters is 52 persent van die tyd in restaurante verkeerd gemerk en 22 persent van die tyd by kleinhandelaars, insluitend kruidenierswinkels en markte.

Die CFIA, wat verantwoordelik is vir die vermindering van voedselveiligheidsrisiko's en om voedselbedrog in die land te monitor, hersien die verslag, het 'n woordvoerder in 'n e -pos geskryf.

Vorige studies het soortgelyke resultate getoon.

KYK: Indringende krewe kan 'n nuwe bedreiging vir forel in Calgary -omgewing inhou

1:34 Indringende krewe kan 'n nuwe bedreiging vir forel in Calgary -gebied inhou

Dit was 'n probleem in die bedryf en vir altyd, sê Hana Nelson, 'n visverkoper by Afishionado, gebaseer op Halifax, wat ingelig is oor die resultate van die studie voordat dit bekend gemaak is.

Sy wil glo dat die probleem nie mense is wat kwaadwillig optree nie, maar eerder toevallig.

Ek is nie so pessimisties om te dink dat baie mense dit doelbewus doen nie, het sy gesê. Ek dink dit is net die aard van die voorsieningsketting. Dit is regtig 'n gebrek aan deursigtigheid. ”

KYK: Kritici van visboerderye stel 'n skokkende nuwe video bekend

1:51 Kritici van visboerderye maak 'n skokkende nuwe video bekend

Seekos is vatbaar vir voedselbedrog as gevolg van 'n ingewikkelde wêreldwye voorsieningsketting wat in baie stadiums van die vissersboot tot die restaurant of winkel verkeerde etikette kan bied.

Terwyl sommige verkeerde etikette per ongeluk gebeur, het Levin gesê, lyk die meerderheid doelbewus. Sy het beklemtoon dat die restaurante of winkels waar die monsters versamel is, nie noodwendig diegene is wat die verbruiker mislei nie, maar moontlik deur die slagoffers self.

KYK: Alberta -hengelaar vind misvormde vis met 'n Powerade -drinkring om die lyf

0:40 Alberta -hengelaar vind misvormde vis met 'n Powerade -drinkring om die lyf

Ekonomiese wins is die primêre dryfveer, en sy het gesê dat die patroon is dat duurder vis, soos rooi snapper, vervang moet word deur 'n goedkoper alternatief, soos tilapia.

Insiders in die bedryf probeer dikwels om Robert Hanner, 'n medeprofessor aan die Universiteit van Guelph, te oortuig wie se laboratorium die monsters getoets het, dat die probleem nie meer as toevallige vermenging is nie: 'n deurmekaar werknemer wat vis onder 'n verkeerde etiket lê.

As dit suiwer willekeurig was, sou u verwag dat u af en toe die goeie dinge sou kry as u vir die goedkoop goed betaal, 'sê Hanner, wie se laboratorium die eerste gebruik van DNA -strepieskodering toon. seekosbedrog in Kanada ongeveer 'n dekade gelede.

Daar is geen bewyse dat dit ooit gebeur nie. ”

Dit beteken dat koper hoër pryse betaal vir vis met 'n laer waarde en dat dit onbewustelik skadelike produkte kan gebruik, soos escolar. Mense met allergieë loop veral 'n risiko omdat hulle iets kan eet wat hulle ernstig kan benadeel of kan doodmaak.

Mense kan ook seekos verkeerd etiketteer om onwettig gevang vis te masker, het Levin gesê. As dit gebeur, belemmer dit die pogings om onder meer oorbevissing te beperk en gebiede met risiko's te beskerm, volgens die verslag, wat toevoeg dat onwettige visvang dikwels verband hou met kommerwekkende praktyke soos moderne slawerny en kinderarbeid.

Onwettige, ongerapporteerde en ongereguleerde visvang is 'n wêreldwye probleem wat almal seermaak, sê Paul Lansbergen, president van die Fisheries Council of Canada, 'n handelsvereniging sonder winsbejag wat hom die stem van die vis- en seekosbedryf in Kanada noem. 8221

Hy het egter in 'n e -pos geskryf: hierdie soort verslag oor seekosbedrog is nie nuut nie.

Ek vind dit jammer dat Oceana Canada voortgaan om te oordryf wat 'n seldsame gebeurtenis in die algehele mark is, ” het Lansbergen gesê, en die studie en ander mense daaraan toegevoeg “ is ontwerp om tot 'n voorafbepaalde uitkoms te kom. ” 8221

KYK: Klimaatsverandering lei tot kleiner visse

1:55 Klimaatsverandering lei tot kleiner visse

Hy het gewys op 'n CFIA -verslag wat 114 vismonsters van November 2013 tot Maart 2014 getoets het deur federale gelisensieerde invoerders, federaal geregistreerde verwerkers en kleinhandelwinkels. CFIA -laboratoriums het DNA -ontleding gebruik en gevind dat ses persent van die getoetsde vis die verkeerde algemene naam gebruik.

Die CFIA -studie het 'n steekproef van 35 verskillende vissoorte gemaak, terwyl die Oceana Canada -ondersoek gemik was op soorte visse wat vermoedelik verkeerd is.

Oceana Canada wil hê dat die federale regering die etiketteringsvereistes moet verhoog om aan die in die Europese Unie te voldoen. In die EU moet etikette die naam van die visse, die vangmetode en die oorsprong _ van die vis, insluitend ander inligting. Dit vereis ook vangdokumentasie. Studies toon dat die bedrog van seekosbedrog blykbaar gedaal het sedert die vakbond die strenger etiketteringspraktyke geïmplementeer het.

Oceana Canada wil hê dat dit wat sy noem en#8220boot op die bord kan plaas en dat die naspeurbaarheid daarvan#8221 kan wees.

"Ons het Kanada nodig om 'n naspeurbaarheidstelsel in werking te stel om almal aanspreeklik te hou," het Levin gesê.

Die CFIA het nie onmiddellik vrae beantwoord oor die oproepe dat dit etiketvereistes versterk en naspeurbaarheid verhoog nie.


Die naam spel: seekos verkeerd etikettering

Hoe: 'n Onlangse ondersoek het wydverspreide oortredings van die etiketteringsvereistes vir seekos in LA County aan die lig gebring.

The Story: The Seafood Task Force, 'n samewerking tussen die LA County Department of Public Health, California Department of Health, en die Amerikaanse Food and Drug Administration, met hulp van die National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, het seekos van restaurante en markte in die LA ondersoek gebied. Sommige monsters is gestuur vir genetiese toetse om die spesie te bepaal. Uit die 103 monsters van seekos is bevind dat 74 verkeerd gemerk is.

Die mees algemene oortreding was die versuim om die land van herkoms te verteenwoordig. As inligting oor land van herkoms ingesluit is, is dit gereeld wanvoorgestel. 'N Ander algemene oortreding was die verkoop van 'n produk wat as een spesie gemerk is, maar vervang met 'n goedkoper en soms minder gewilde spesie. Voorbeelde sluit in:

  • Stille Oseaan -baars (Stille Oseaan -steenvis), tilapia, sysnipper, seebrasem en pollock verkoop as rooivlepper
  • Fluke (somerflunder) word as heilbot verkoop
  • Imitasiekrap, perlemoen en seekat word as die regte produk verkoop
  • Langvis verkoop as kreef

In 'n paar gevalle word escolar verkoop as 'wit tuna', 'n vissoort wat nie bestaan ​​nie. Escolar word deur sommige in die bedryf ook die 'ex-laks' van vis genoem, omdat groot hoeveelhede dit ernstige spysverteringstelsel kan veroorsaak, wat baie verbruikers nie bewus is nie. Nie dat hulle dit kon vermy het as hulle probeer het nie

Verkeerde etikettering van seekos kan duur wees en raai wie betaal dit? U betaal miskien $ 14,99 per pond vir wat u dink rooibok is, maar u kry 'n baars van die Stille Oseaan, met 'n waarde van minder as die helfte, teen slegs $ 6,99 per pond. Nie een van die “ rooi snapper ” monsters wat deur die Seafood Task Force getoets is nie, was eintlik rooi snapper. Verkeerde etikettering van seekos kan ook gevaarlik wees. Verbruikers met seekosallergieë en swanger vroue kan probleme ondervind om sekere vis en skulpvis te vermy as hulle nie weet wat werklik op hul bord is nie.

Moenie sleg voel oor snookers nie, alhoewel dit maklik is om mislei te word deur te dink dat u as verbruiker een vissoort koop as u 'n heeltemal onverwante spesie kry. Soos hieronder gesien kan word in 'n prentjie wat deur Oceana verskaf word, kan dit baie moeilik wees om 'n vis eers te fileteer. Kan u die verskil tussen die goed gemerkte filet en die bedrieër onderskei?

Oorspronklike beeldkrediet: Oceana
Die korrekte antwoorde is: 1. Vis aan die linkerkant is escolar of olievis. 2. Links is die Nylstok. 3. Regs is mako haai. 4. Regs is rotsvis. 5. Links word geboer Atlantiese salm.

Wat ons kan doen: Om hierdie probleem op te los, benodig ons 'n betroubare naspeurbaarheidstelsel. Verbruikers word nie net bedrieg nie, maar ook kleinhandelaars. Aangesien die verkeerde etikette aan die begin van die verskaffingsketting kan begin, by die vissermanne en vissermaatskappye, is kleinhandelaars moontlik ook nie bewus daarvan dat hul produk nie lyk soos dit lyk nie. Ons verdien almal om te weet wat ons eet, en diegene in die bedryf wat aan wettige, volhoubare visserye deelneem, behoort erkenning te kry.


5 Visse wat u smaakknoppies, u beursie en die natuur van die moeder sal bedank dat u geëet het

Een van die beroemde sjef Nobu Matsuhisa se wêreldwye handtekeninggeregte is sy miso -swart kabeljou. Swart kabeljou is nie. [+] kabeljou, behalwe slang vir swartwitpense, een van die beste onderbenutte vis wat jy kan bestel en 'n goeie plaasvervanger vir die gewilde, maar bedreigde Chileense seebaars. Foto: Nobu Hotel, Las Vegas

Oktober is die nasionale seekosmaand, en vis kan 'n uitstekende en volhoubare keuse wees vir 'n gesonde proteïenbron met 'n lae vetinhoud en 'n hoë omega-3-vetsuur.

Die slegte nuus is dat seekos ook 'n slegte keuse kan wees wat onvolhoubaar, vernietigend vir die omgewing is, minder gesond is as wat jy dink, en 'n afval so groot is dat dit letterlik krimineel is. Dit hang alles af van watter vis u in die winkels koop of in restaurante bestel.

Wilde gevangde salm is een van die gesondste en lekkerste visse wat daar is, maar studies het getoon. [+] dat verbruikers dikwels bedrieg word om eerder 'n premie te betaal vir goedkoper gekweekte salm - kan u hulle onderskei? Foto: Oceana

Ons leef in 'n era van seekosbedrog wat so hoog is dat president Obama in 2014 uitdruklik 'n presidensiële taakspan moes opstel om dit te bestry, tesame met onwettige "seerower" visvang, ongeregistreerde bote wat internasionale kwotas ignoreer wat bedoel is om die omgewing te beskerm en verbode te stroop. of beskermde waters. Talle studies het getoon dat 'n aansienlike hoeveelheid seekos in hierdie land onwettig verkeerd gemerk is en dat meer as 90% ingevoer word, dikwels met troebel of onbekende oorsprong. Die betroubaarste verkeerde etiketteringsgetal is ongeveer 'n derde van die totale produk op nasionale vlak, maar dit kan baie erger wees as spesies van hoë waarde wat verbruikers verlang, soos rooivleis, tuna en groper, waar bedrogsyfer 90%kan oorskry. Gewoonlik word goedkoper spesies as duurder aangegee, met gekweekte tilapia wat as gesogte wilde gevangde rooivleis beskou word, 'n Kambodjaanse baber genaamd swai wat vir baie visse inkom, waaronder duur wild gevang, en goedkoper gekweekte salm word gereeld oorgedra as veel duurder wildgevang Alaska-variëteite. Verlede jaar is 50 miljoen pond gekweekte Asiatiese baber (swai en tra) ingevoer, maar min van ons gaan na die winkel op soek na hierdie - in plaas daarvan, deur die magie van onwettige hermerk, word hulle vinnig 'n meer bekende - en baie duurder - spesies.

In my onlangse New York Times Beste verkoper Regte kos, vals kos: waarom u nie weet wat u eet nie, en wat u daaraan kan doen (Julie 2016), die eerste omvattende blik op die massiewe vervalsing, vervanging en misleidende bemarking in ons voedselvoorraad, bestee ek 'n lang hoofstuk aan seekos, asook baie ander probleemvoedsel wat wissel van beesvleis tot olyfolie tot kaas tot wyne. as alledaagse krammetjies soos koffie, heuning en sap. Aan die einde van elke hoofstuk gee ek koopwenke spesifiek vir die betrokke kosse om bedrog te voorkom. Maar in teenstelling met die meeste ander voedselkategorieë, is daar met seekos 'n eenvoudige, maar teen -intuïtiewe manier om bedrieërs en seerowervissers te klop, terwyl hulle goed doen deur Mother Nature - koop goedkoper.

Vervalsers is gerig op produkte met 'n hoë waarde, wat die bekendste en mees wenslike vis beteken, en in hierdie land is meer as die helfte van ons totale seekosverbruik slegs drie kategorieë: garnale, salm en ingemaakte tuna. Verbasend genoeg bevat die meerderheid nie eens blikkies tuna nie, en meer as 90% van wat ons eet, is slegs die top 10 gewildste spesies. Dit maak dit nie net maklik vir bedrieërs nie, dit maak dit baie moeilik vir die gewilde spesies, wat vinnig te veel kan hengel, selfs tot op die rand van uitsterwing. Bluefin -tuna, wat baie gewild is by sushi -liefhebbers, word tans ernstig bedreig en volgens die Monterey Bay -akwarium is die voorraad net 3% van die historiese hoogtepunte. Sheila Bowman, die akwarium se bestuurder vir kook- en strategiese inisiatiewe, het gesê: 'Dit is een wat ons konkreet en definitief kan sê dat ons glad nie moet eet nie - dit is soos om 'n Bengaalse tier te hê.' Sy het my vertel dat die Chileense seebaars nog 'n slagoffer is van sy eie sukses, wat so gewild is dat dit in die natuur verwoes is, saam met verskeie ander spesies, waaronder Atlantiese haai en kabeljou.

Om minder bekende, maar volhoubare spesies te eet, kan beide probleme, bedrog en omgewing oplos, terwyl verbruikers geld bespaar, en hierdie vis is net so lekker (sommige sjefs dink selfs lekkerder). In sommige gevalle is hulle ook gesonder, bloot omdat u gewoonlik die regte ding kry, nie 'n goedkoop plaasvervanger wat onder twyfelagtige omstandighede geboer word sonder toesig in laks regulerende lande nie (voorvalle van onwettige of verbode middels en chemikalieë wat in ingevoerde gekweekte vis gebruik word, is legio - saam met voedingswaarde minderwaardige visvoedsel).

Ek het met kundiges by die Monterey Bay Aquarium en met verskeie bekende sjefs wat aktief pioniers is in die volhoubaarheid van seekos, gesels oor vyf vis wat goeie alternatiewe vir meer gewilde spesies is. Onder diegene wat ek geraadpleeg het, was Rick Moonen, een van die wêreld se mees bekroonde seekos-sjefs, wat drie sterre van die New York Times gekry het, die hoog aangeskrewe kookboek Fish Without A Doubt geskryf het en sy vlagskip RM Seafood bestuur in Mandalay in Las Vegas. Bay casino -oord Kerry Heffernan, van die bekendheid van Grand Banks en Eleven Madison Park, wat pas die volhoubare gefokusde Seaworthy in New Orleans en Todd Mitgang van die twee Crave Fishbar -plekke in New York geopen het, wat dien in die Monterey Bay Aquarium se Blue Ribbon Sustainability Task Force.

Dit is geensins 'n volledige lys nie, aangesien daar ongeveer 500 spesies seekos in die land is, en ander onderbenutte vis word deurgaans deur sjefs omhels, maar dit is vyf vaste alternatiewe.

Arctic Char in plaas van Atlantiese salm: Wilde gevangde salm, wat amper almal uit Alaska kom, is wonderlik, maar dit is seisoenaal, duur en beperk. Die meeste salm wat ons in hierdie land eet, is Atlantiese salm, wat beteken dat daar geboer word, aangesien dit kommersieel in die natuur uitsterf. Oor die algemeen is soutwatervis in akwakultuur die mees skadelike spesie om te kweek. Terwyl arktiese wetenskaplik wetenskaplik soortgelyk is aan salm, het dit ook baie eienskappe van meerforelle en leef dit in vars water. Seafood Watch, die wêreld se goue standaard vir die beoordeling van die volhoubaarheid van seekos, gee beide wilde gevang en geboerte char die hoogste telling, groen, terwyl die oorgrote meerderheid van die gekweekte Atlantiese salm die swakste telling kry, rooi. 'N Groot deel van die aardbot wat ons kry, word ook geboer in lande met 'n beter polisiewaarde vir akwakultuur, waaronder die VSA, Ysland en Kanada.

Wetenskaplike waterverf -illustrasie van chilipepper rockfish, een van die vele heerlike en volop. [+] Stille Oseaan -steenvis © Monterey Bay Aquarium

Pacific Rockfish in plaas van Red Snapper: Rooi snapper het eintlik 'n herstel in die natuur geniet en het onlangs van rooi na geel op die Seafood Watch -lys oorgeskuif. Maar die grootste probleme daarmee is dat dit een van die duurste visse is wat u kan bestel, en die twyfelagtige onderskeid is dat dit die enigste plaasvervanger -vis in die land is - een wetenskaplike wat ek om advies gevra het, het net haar skouers opgetrek en gesê: "Moet dit nooit bestel nie. ” Een studie het jou kans om dit werklik te kry as jy uiteet (restaurante is erger as kleinhandelaars) op ongeveer 6% gestel, terwyl 'n verslag van die Congressional Research Service van 2015 opgemerk het dat 77% van die rooibokkies wat in hierdie land verkoop word, tussen kleinhandel en restaurant , was nie rooi snapper nie. Pacific Rockfish is such a good red snapper substitute that it has become a common counterfeit, but it tastes much better than the tilapia also commonly sold as snapper So why pay a huge premium for something you probably won’t get, whereas if you order less popular and less pricey Pacific Rockfish you will almost certainly get the real thing? On top of that, many experts I talked to say it tastes even better. There are around 100 fish in the Pacific Rockfish genus, but the most common is vermillion rockfish, along with bocaccio rockfish, chilipepper rockfish and shortbelly rockfish. The Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Bowman called vermillion rockfish “one of the best fish I’ve ever eaten - and these are selling incredibly cheap.” Moonen uses Rockfish at his Las Vegas fine dining spot.

Sablefish Instead of Chilean Sea Bass: All the things consumers love about Chilean sea bass, its oily, fatty lusciousness, and flaky but meaty texture, can be found - maybe even to greater degrees - in sablefish, also known as black cod, though it’s not a member of the cod family at all (it also goes by sable and butterfish in this country). It is very high in the good omega 3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA (about the same as the much heralded wild salmon) and for consumers, it is an especially easy fish to cook in many ways, grilled, fried, or raw (sushi). It is one of rare success stories of the underutilized species campaign, in large parts thanks to famed chef Nobu Matsuhisa, who uses it for one of his world-renowned (and much imitated!) signature dishes, Miso Black Cod. If you have eaten at an outpost of Nobu or Matsuhisa and had this, you already know how delicious sablefish is.

Albacore tuna belly is a great substitute for the critically endangered Bluefin tuns. Here, raw . [+] albacore tuna being prepared for the Seafood Watch Sushi Guide launch party. ©Monterey Bay Aquarium

Albacore Tuna Belly (shiro maguro in sushi-speak) Instead of Bluefin Tuna: It may already be too late to stop eating Bluefin, but there’s no excuse to keep decimating the critically endangered species - especially when this alternative tastes so similar. The trick is that while all Bluefin tuna is off the table, Albacore runs the gamut from begun highly sustainable to red on the Seafood Watch list depending where and how it is caught. The best Green alternatives are pole caught tuna from anywhere and most caught by any method in the U.S., while long line albacore from Hawaii warrants an acceptable yellow rating.

Pollock Instead of Cod: While Atlantic cod is not as critically threatened as Bluefin tuna or Chilean sea bass, it is overfished and with demand levels that remain too high, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium, which gives no better than yellow to any wild caught Atlantic cod, with most forms of fishing and locations of fisheries getting the worst red rating. The World Wildlife Fund notes that, “It has been over 15 years since the moratorium on fishing Atlantic cod in eastern Canada, but the fish stocks have not replenished. The disappearance of cod in the region is a wakeup call on the effect that overfishing can have on a fish stock… Cod are currently at risk from overfishing in the UK, Canada and most other Atlantic countries. As fisheries have become more efficient at catching cod, populations have declined.” Its popularity is not surprising, as cod has a nice mild flavor, low-fat content, and dense white flakey flesh that makes it the species of choice for fish and chips in the British Isles. Until recently it was also the fish of choice for one of America’s biggest cod buyers, McDonalds, for its McFish sandwich. Realizing the threat to its long-term supply chain and bent on worldwide product consistency, McDonalds looked at many options before switching to pollock, a sea change that has been quietly heralded by environmentalists. According to Bowman, “It’s an alternative species that’s not on many menus on its own, and it tends to be fried, fish and chips or made into fish sticks. For all intents and purposes, the cod fisheries in this country are closed. We like that they shifted from a fish that’s on our red ‘avoid’ list to one that is on our green ‘best choices’ list. McDonalds uses only Alaskan Pollock, one of the world’s largest and healthiest fisheries. It is also a Marine Stewardship Council certified fishery,” the highest standard for wild caught fish.

Bonus Swap: I could not resist giving you a sixth excellent substitute, especially for those who live in the Northeast. There are dozens more very specific buying tips to help get the best real foods and to avoid being duped by fakes at the end of every chapter in my book, Real Food, Fake Food, not just for seafood but for all foods (and wines).

Porgy Instead of Striped Bass: Acclaimed New York (and now New Orleans) chef Kerry Heffernan spends a lot of time on the waters of the Northeast himself as an avid angler, and in recent years has grown so concerned about the diminishing wild northeastern striped bass that he started the Save Our Stripers campaign and got about 150 prominent New York chefs to pledge to refuse to serve the fish. Heffernan serves plentiful porgies instead, which he says taste similar but are more sustainable - and cheaper. One of the Save our Stripers participants, chef Todd Mitgang of Crave Fishbar, told me has had a lot of success serving porgy as a raw crudo or ceviche of sorts, very popular with his customers.


Watching for mislabeled products

Rey Wojdat, hospitality programs chairman at SUNY Broome, is all too aware of the sleight-of-hand often pulled by seafood processors and purveyors.

"It's common for dishonest and unscrupulous people to take a cookie-cutter and make scallops out of shark," Wojdat said.

And it doesn't stop there. Passing off farm-raised salmon as wild-caught is the most frequent practice, he said.

Farm-raised salmon is "mushier. It doesn't have the same clear, fresh taste," Wojdat said. The distinctive flavor grows from a wild salmon's trek from freshwater origins to salt water and back to fresh water. Also, farm-raised salmon could be subject to dyes, to accommodate a buyers' expectation of a distinctive deep pink color when buying salmon.

"The only way to be sure you are getting what you paid for is to have the whole fish cut in front of you," Wojdat said.

Owners and cooks at fine restaurants travel to the fresh fish markets to assure the cut they are buying is fresh and to assure the filet is accurately labeled.

"They smell it, They make sure the eyes are clear. They run their hands over the skin to make sure the scales don't come off," Wojdat said. "Fresh fish doesn't smell like fish. Fresh fish has no smell."

Even self-styled foodie Paul Van Savage, of Binghamton, wonders about fish labeling when he cooks seafood every week to 10 days.

"If I go into the market and look at fish in the case, I don't know" if it's correctly labeled, VanSavage said.

At Wegmans on Monday morning, shoppers kept clerks busy grabbing up cuts of swordfish, halibut and other seafood for holiday dinners. Across the aisle, the supply of clams and mussels were nearly exhausted.

Shoppers showed little hesitancy, given the recent reports of mislabeling, and Wojdat said that as long as you buy from a trusted purveyor who monitors its supply chain, there's less of a chance at being duped. Wegmans, for instance, clearly labels where fish have been sourced.


How to be a smart consumer about mislabeled seafood

If you're thinking of ordering the expensive red snapper next time you eat out, save your money. "More than 90 percent of the red snapper sold nationally is actually something else—usually cheap tilapia or rockfish," says Kimberly Warner, a senior scientist at Oceana, an ocean conservation group in Washington, D.C.

In a recent nationwide report, Oceana found that about one third of the seafood sold at restaurants and grocery stores isn't really what the label or menu says it is. Not only can mislabeling rip you off, but it also puts you at risk of unwittingly eating fish high in mercury or other toxins—not exactly the health boost you hope to get from seafood. Learn how you can be a smarter consumer.

It all comes down to one simple cheat: Cheaper varieties of fish get labeled as more expensive ones, either by fishermen, wholesalers or, to a lesser extent, chefs. And there's little risk for the perpetrators according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office, less than 1 percent of imported seafood is physically examined by the FDA to make sure it's genuinely what it is claimed to be.

A fish can pass through a dozen hands before it reaches your plate, and fish fraud can happen at any point along the way. First come the fishermen, who put their catch on ice and sometimes transfer it to larger vessels for transport. There, it can get mixed up by accident or on purpose with other species. If the fish is processed (the head and guts removed) on board, it's even harder to ID it just by looking. "Commingling red snapper with other types—and calling it all red snapper—could get the fisherman or wholesaler several more dollars per pound," said Warner. Wholesalers sell to chefs and retailers, who then pass the inflated price on to you, the customer.

While you'd think it would be easy for the pros—like retailers and chefs—to spot mislabeled fish, it's actually tricky. "Many species look very similar and require DNA testing to properly identify as authentic, so we have to rely on and trust our established relationships and credible suppliers, whether it's a local fisherman or a large wholesaler," said Rick Moonen, chef and owner of RM Seafood and Rx Boiler Room in Las Vegas. The FDA, in fact, has started using DNA sequencing—rather than exclusively relying on an inspector's trained eye—to ID seafood.

Adding more confusion, the naming standards for seafood aren't consistent from state to state, says Jonathan E. Fielding, MD, director of the Department of Public Health for Los Angeles County, which assembled a task force on seafood fraud last year. For instance, rockfish can be called Pacific red snapper in California, but not in New York, he says.

If you eat fish once a week, you could end up overspending by $500 or more in a year's time. Tilapia fillets cost about $8 per pound—and are sometimes substituted for red snapper, which goes for about $24 per pound. Flounder is typically $14 per pound, but if it's labeled as halibut, it can be sold at $25 per pound. As Warner said, "It's like paying for filet mignon but getting only ground beef."

More alarming than the price-gouging is the potential health hazard: The FDA recommends that all pregnant women, nursing mothers and women who might become pregnant avoid eating king mackerel, swordfish, shark and tilefish because they contain high levels of mercury, a contaminant that can harm the nervous system of a fetus or baby. (Mercury is harmful to you at any age, but it's particularly dangerous to a developing fetus.) Yet high-mercury species can sometimes stand in for safer fish: Reports have found king mackerel and tilefish being sold as grouper, red snapper and halibut. An investigation by Consumer Reportsdiscovered that 56 percent of the salmon marketed as wild was actually farmed, which could increase your risk of being exposed to PCBs, contaminants often found in farmed salmon that have been shown to cause cancer in animals.

Seafood fraud probably will not go away anytime soon. But that doesn't mean you should avoid fish entirely. Use the following moves to help ensure that you get what you paid for:

Buy direct. Avoid supply-chain shenanigans by going directly to the fisherman (at a farmers market or pier). "I buy crab, flounder and porgy at my local market," Warner says.

Get with the program. Some grocery chains—such as Wegmans and Whole Foods—and hundreds of restaurants offer information on the source of seafood through companies including Trace Register and Trace and Trust. Go to traceandtrust.com to find participating restaurants. When you order a fish, it comes with an ID number. Typing it into the website turns up the species of fish, when the batch was caught and even a picture and bio of the boat captain. "It's the seafood equivalent of farm-to-table, only better in many cases," says Moonen.

Stick with safer bets. In restaurants, mahimahi, flounder and tilapia were least likely to be mislabeled, per Oceana. Salmon is also unlikely to be mislabeled, other than sometimes being called wild when it's farmed. Shellfish isn't usually mislabeled, though crabmeat is sometimes falsely said to be from Maryland. Red snapper, grouper and halibut are among the fish most likely to have species substituted for them, per Oceana.

Go canned. While research is preliminary, tests so far have not found labeling problems with canned tuna, says Dirk Steinke, PhD, director of education and outreach at the University of Guelph's Biodiversity Institute of Ontario. The potential for mislabeling is likely reduced because canned fish passes through fewer hands than fresh fish.

Ask lots of questions. In some regions, supermarket chains are half as likely to sell mislabeled fish as restaurants or small stores, since big companies generally require higher levels of accountability, Warner says. But don't give up on the little guys. "Get to know your fishmonger and ask where the seafood came from," she says. "If they can tell you, for instance, that it's from a fisherman they've worked with for years, it justifiably increases your confidence level." Ditto for restaurants. "Chefs are motivated by what their customers want," Moonen says. "If they have customers asking details about the seafood, they're obligated to spend more time investigating the best choices themselves."


Consumers Duped by Mislabeled Seafood - Recipes

If you order filet mignon at your favorite steakhouse, you would be upset if you were served horsemeat instead. Similarly, a seafood lover who orders red snapper would expect to receive the fish she pays for. Unfortunately, recent testing by Oceana revealed that seafood purchased from grocery stores, restaurants and sushi bars may be a completely different fish from the one on the label, and this type of seafood fraud is more common than you may think.

Seafood fraud comes in many forms, from falsifying documents, to labeling a fish a different species than what is sold, to adding too much ice to packaging, and it is a widespread problem in the US. In fact, recent studies have found that seafood may be mislabeled as often as 25 to 70% of the time for commonly swapped species like Atlantic cod, red snapper and wild salmon. For the past two years, Oceana’s Stop Seafood Fraud campaign has focused on species substitution, which happens when one fish is swapped for another that is often cheaper, less desirable or more readily available. Not only does this type of fraud rip off consumers, it can have potentially dire consequences for public health and the oceans.

As part of our campaign, Oceana conducted DNA testing of seafood meals in multiple cities across the country to get to the bottom of how much bait and switch was occurring. What did we find? Everywhere we tested, we found seafood fraud: 39% of seafood tested in New York, 55% in Los Angeles, 31% in Miami, and 48% in Boston (including testing by The Boston Globe) were mislabeled as entirely different types of fish than listed on the label.

This bait and switch cheats consumers and can also be harmful to your health. In multiple cities, fish that sensitive groups like pregnant women and children should avoid due to their high levels of mercury were disguised as safer choices. Tilefish was labeled as red snapper and halibut in NYC and king mackerel was masquerading as grouper, a popular and local choice in South Florida. Another commonly swapped fish was escolar for “white tuna,” primarily in sushi venues. Escolar is a type of snake mackerel, not even a tuna at all, whose oily flesh can cause unpleasant digestive upset to some people who eat more than a few ounces.

How does this bait and switch happen? Seafood can follow a complex path from the fishing boat to your dinner plate, with your fish passing through many different hands. Without tracking your fish from bait to plate, it is easier to swap out one fish for another. The more steps and the more processed your seafood dinner, the more chances for fraudulent activity.

Americans should be able to know when a fish was caught, where it was caught, how it was caught or if it is previously frozen, but much of that information never makes it to the label. So what is a consumer to do to reduce the risk of being duped?

  1. Vra vrae. If your retailer or restaurant is not able to answer questions about the seafood they are selling, you may want to make a different choice.
  2. If the price is too good to be true, it probably is. If a price seems unreasonably low, it may be a sign it’s a mislabeled fish.
  3. Popular fish are commonly swapped. The four fish you need to be extra careful about buying due to frequent mislabeling are some of the most popular species: tuna, snapper, salmon and grouper. Consumers should make sure to ask extra questions when buying these fish.
  4. Buy traceable seafood. Some retailers and restaurants are making commitments to only sell traceable seafood. By supporting traceable seafood, consumers can have more confidence in the seafood they eat.
  5. Buy the whole fish whenever possible. You can ask for it to be cut into fillets at the store. The more processed your fish and the more hands it passes through, the more opportunities for a bait and switch.
  6. Be extra careful when ordering fish at sushi bars. In every city we tested, sushi venues had the highest rates of seafood fraud, with 100% of the sushi bars visited in New York City selling at least one piece of mislabeled fish. And remember, most everything labeled as “white tuna,” is more than likely escolar, as only albacore tuna is allowed to be called “white tuna” and only when it is sold in a can.
  7. Buy your fish from larger chain supermarkets instead of smaller grocery stores when possible, as your odds of getting a mislabeled fish are much lower. Oceana’s New York City testing revealed 12% of seafood purchased was mislabeled in larger supermarkets versus a whopping 40% for smaller markets.

Although these tips can help seafood consumers in their daily lives, the real solution to seafood fraud is to require traceability for all seafood sold in the U.S. Tracking a fish from the boat to your dinner plate would help ensure that all seafood sold in America is safe, legal and honestly labeled.

How does traceability work? U.S. fishermen already provide much of the information like where, when and how a fish was caught when they land their fish at the dock. But much of this information stops at this step, and it is not passed along the seafood supply chain. Without this information that can verify a fish’s identity, ensure it is legal and provide more information to consumers, it is easier for someone looking to make a profit to swap a fish.

A number of voluntary traceability programs are already in effect around the country. These programs track fish from the boat to the final point of sale. Some retailers like Target have recently made commitments to sell only traceable seafood, and some restaurants are also providing more information about the seafood they are selling, including selling traceable seafood. While these actions are great steps forward, until there is a nationwide system to pass this information through the supply chain that is transparent and verifiable, opportunities for fraud remain.

With more than 1,700 different species of seafood sold in the US, it’s unreasonable to expect consumers to be able to accurately and independently verify the fish they buy. The seafood supply chain needs an upgrade. All seafood sold in the US should be safe, legal and honestly labeled. Without tracking fish from boat to plate, dishonest fraudsters will continue to take advantage of consumers while putting our health and the oceans at risk.


Fish fraud: How can consumers make sure they’re getting what’s on the label?

2:05 New report warns of more seafood fraud in Canada
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The fish you buy might not be the fish you thought it was.

A viral twitter thread from Jen McDonald, a biology professor at Fanshawe College, explained how samples of fish her class collected from both the grocery store and restaurants were mislabeled.

Her students sourced fish they thought was Icelandic cod, red tuna, white tuna and red snapper and sent the fish to the lab to be tested, but received varying results.

Both the red tuna and the red snapper were identified as tilapia — a white fish that could have been dyed red. The two samples of white tuna were identified as yellowfin tuna, and escolar, a type of fish banned in Japan for an oil it contains that has laxative properties (it is not banned in Canada).

Josue sequenced some red snapper. I put money on that being tilapia and…I was right. Someone owes me $5.
His lab partner, Juanni, sequenced Atlantic Salmon. Comes back as Rainbow trout. Unsurprising. Not the same species AT ALL, but unsurprising.

&mdash Dr. Jen M (@AwesomeBioTA) April 5, 2019

The Icelandic cod was identified as Icelandic cod, one of only two correct identifications, according to McDonald. The cod was sourced from a grocery store and was certified by the Marine Stewardship Council.

Another finding that was worrisome: one of the samples was unrecognizable and contained body louse, McDonald said on Twitter.

The experiment mimicked other research in the topic, which has found up to 30 per cent of fish has been mislabeled in Canada.

1:54 Seafood not always labelled correctly

It’s a problem, explained Tammara Soma, assistant professor and director of the Food Systems Lab at Simon Fraser University, because “an undeclared ingredient is always a big issue.”

“As the professor mentioned, one of the fishes actually can be dangerous for those with allergies,” Soma explained. “That becomes a huge problem, it can be deadly in some cases.”

So how can Canadians know they’re getting what they pay for?

Beyond actually going fishing ourselves, there are a couple of things we can do, food systems experts say.

One solution is to buy fish locally, cutting out the middlemen of the food supply chain in the process.

“Basically, the longer the distance and the longer the food supply chain is, the easier it is for resources to get over-exploited but also the easier it is for things like this to happen where people aren’t sure what they’re eating,” Soma told Global News.

“So to address that particular issue … going local specifically, as well as trying to find community supported fisheries or stores that sell these particular fish products, then … it’s easier to kind of like trace back things.

“Basically cutting out all of the steps that might make it more easy to adulterate the fish or to switch things around.”

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1:48 N.L. cod fishery dived on managing recovery

For those who still shop at the grocery store, there are options available, including buying the fish with the head still attached — which makes it more difficult to misidentify.

“Unless you buy the fish with the head attached to it, it’s difficult to really know which species you are dealing with,” Sylvain Charlebois, food systems professor at Dalhousie University, told Global News.

Consumers can also look at the label for certified products, as the Icelandic cod was in McDonald’s experiment.

The label provides an extra layer of verification, only being put on fish that was obtained sustainably. But ultimately it’s the responsibility of the grocer to make sure they’re selling you the correct fish.

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1:11 5 ways to save money at the grocery store

“Labelling is a shared responsibility, but the onus is on the retailer to make sure labelling is accurate,” Charlebois explained.


Kyk die video: Belona digitaaldruk voor zelfklevende etiketten (Mei 2022).


Kommentaar:

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